The Use of Social Media and UAVs in Emergency Situations: A Review

  • Meliadis Miltiadis
Keywords: Social Media, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, UAV, Drones, Emergency Situations, Disaster, Review


Over the past few years, extensive and widespread integration of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and social media has been observed in emergencies. In the present study, an inclusive outline regarding the practice of social media and UAVs in emergency situations along with the prospective impacts they may have on emergency response has been explained.

Some of the key social media sites like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and TikTok can be used as valuable means of information sharing in emergencies. Social media data can help authorities detect and counter emergency situations effectively without any delay. Through machine learning algorithms, social media data can instantly be analyzed by monitoring social media activities such as recognizing hashtags, keywords, images, videos, and other signs indicating any possible emergencies.

Sensor-equipped UAVs are capable of providing real-time data in emergencies. These can help in detecting the existence of any harmful substances in the atmosphere including radiation or lethal gases. Similarly, they can help in mapping affected regions, recognizing possible risks, and calculating damages. Authorities and emergency responders can make reasonable decisions and carry out mandatory measures quickly with the help of real-time data obtained from UAVs.

Using UAVs and social media in emergencies leads to increased communication between people and emergency responders. Authorities can use social media sites to quickly circulate important information among the masses like safety tips and evacuation orders. On the other hand, the public can report emergencies and share useful data with emergency responders through social media. UAVs may also prove useful in communicating with emergency responders in remote areas lacking traditional channels of communication.

The incorporation of UAVs and social media in emergencies can revolutionize the whole process of emergency response. Nonetheless, their effectiveness can only be ensured by addressing the possible challenges and risks such as the risk to security and privacy and false information. To ensure the safe and responsible use of UAVs and social media in emergencies, standardized guidelines and protocols must be followed.

Assessing the efficacy of UAVs and social media during emergencies and recognizing opportunities for their improvement and advancement still requires additional research.


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How to Cite
Miltiadis, M. (2023). The Use of Social Media and UAVs in Emergency Situations: A Review. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(5), 269-284. Retrieved from