Students Evaluation of the Online Learning of the University in the Midst of COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Rafael M. Bachanicha
  • Grayfield T. Bajao
  • Randy T. Gastardo
Keywords: student evaluation, online class, COVID-19, pandemic, University of Cebu


During pandemic, online learning is the emerging trend in higher education. Schools and universities adapt to the new normal in education while consistently providing quality education. The objective of this study is to evaluate the online learning management of the University of Cebu Lapulapu and Mandaue Campus. The university adopted Learning Management System (LMS) to provide the essential learning materials in online learning.

The focus of this study is to evaluate the delivery of teaching objectives, evaluation process, learning progress, and students' engagement during the conduct of online classes. This study utilized a descriptive survey method to extract information from the students on how they evaluate the university's online learning. The study revealed that the indicator in the delivery of teaching objectives stating that the topics covered are well-explained and illustrated with real-life examples is highly effective. On the other hand, study variables such as evaluation process, learning progress and students’ engagement are moderately effective. The assistance of the university to the teachers through providing new and updated laptops and sending them to seminars and workshops related to online learnings are the study's recommendations.


Adedoyin, O. B., & Soykan, E. (2023). Covid-19 pandemic and online learning: the challenges and opportunities. Interactive Learning Environments, 31(2), 863-875.
Alenezi, A. M., & Shahi, K. K. (2015). Interactive e-learning through second life with blackboard technology. Procedia-Social and behavioral sciences, 176, 891-897.
Allen, M. W. (2016). Michael Allen's guide to e-learning: Building interactive, fun, and effective learning programs for any company. John Wiley & Sons.
Arkorful, V., & Abaidoo, N. (2015). The role of e-learning, advantages and disadvantages of its adoption in higher education. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 12(1), 29-42.
Azlan, C. A., Wong, J. H. D., Tan, L. K., Huri, M. S. N. A., Ung, N. M., Pallath, V., ... & Ng, K. H. (2020). Teaching and learning of postgraduate medical physics using Internet-based e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic–A case study from Malaysia. Physica Medica, 80, 10-16.
Bailey, S., Hendricks, S., & Applewhite, S. (2015). Student Perspectives of Assessment Strategies in Online Courses. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 13(3).
Bhamani, S., Makhdoom, A. Z., Bharuchi, V., Ali, N., Kaleem, S., & Ahmed, D. (2020). Home learning in times of COVID: Experiences of parents. Journal of Education and Educational Development, 7(1), 9-26.
Barak, M., & Levenberg, A. (2016). A model of flexible thinking in contemporary education. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 22, 74-85.
Basilaia, G., & Kvavadze, D. (2020). Transition to online education in schools during a SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Georgia. Pedagogical Research, 5(4).
Bilowus, M. (2013). How online learning can benefit deaf and hard of hearing people. Rochester Institute of Technology.
Gonzalez-Ramirez, J., Mulqueen, K., Zealand, R., Silverstein, S., Mulqueen, C., & BuShell, S. (2021). Emergency online learning: college students' perceptions during the COVID-19 pandemic. College Student Journal, 55(1), 29-46.
Hénard, F., & Roseveare, D. (2012). Fostering quality teaching in higher education: Policies and practices. An IMHE Guide for Higher Education Institutions, 1(1), 7-11.
Jain, P. (2017). Effect of online education trend on quality management. Higher Education, 17(15), 13.
Jia, M., Gong, D., Luo, J., Zhao, J., Zheng, J., & Li, K. (2019). Who can benefit more from massive open online courses? A prospective cohort study. Nurse Education Today, 76, 96-102.
Kansal, A. K., Gautam, J., Chintalapudi, N., Jain, S., & Battineni, G. (2021). Google trend analysis and paradigm shift of online education platforms during the COVID-19 pandemic. Infectious Disease Reports, 13(2), 418-428.
Liang, D. (2020, November). On the Development of the Industry Trend of “Ai+ Education”. In International Conference on Machine Learning and Big Data Analytics for IoT Security and Privacy (pp. 765-768). Springer, Cham.
Ljubovic, V., & Pajic, E. (2020). Plagiarism detection in computer programming using feature extraction from ultra-fine-grained repositories. IEEE Access, 8, 96505-96514.
Mancinelli, F. (2020). Digital nomads: freedom, responsibility and the neoliberal order. Information Technology & Tourism, 22(3), 417-437.
Martin, F., Budhrani, K., Kumar, S., & Ritzhaupt, A. (2019). Award-winning faculty online teaching practices: Roles and competencies. Online Learning, 23(1), 184-205.
Mathivanan, S. K., Jayagopal, P., Ahmed, S., Manivannan, S. S., Kumar, P. J., Raja, K. T., ... & Prasad, R. G. (2021). Adoption of e-learning during lockdown in India. International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, 14(Suppl 1), 575.
Montebon, R. L., & Bachanicha, R. M. (2018). Assessment of the Student Satisfaction on the Consultation Program. JPAIR Institutional Research, 11(1), 65-73.
Muir, T., Milthorpe, N., Stone, C., Dyment, J., Freeman, E., & Hopwood, B. (2019). Chronicling engagement: Students’ experience of online learning over time. Distance Education, 40(2), 262-277.
Nurovic, E., & Poturak, M. (2021). Online transformation of higher education due to COVID19: impact, perception, and recommendation.
Palvia, S., Aeron, P., Gupta, P., Mahapatra, D., Parida, R., Rosner, R., & Sindhi, S. (2018). Online education: Worldwide status, challenges, trends, and implications. Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 21(4), 233-241.
Powell, A., Roberts, V., & Patrick, S. (2015). Using Online Learning for Credit Recovery: Getting Back on Track to Graduation. Promising Practices in Blended and Online Learning Series. International Association for K-12 Online Learning.
Rashid, S., & Yadav, S. S. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on higher education and research. Indian Journal of Human Development, 14(2), 340-343.
Reese, S. A. (2015). Online learning environments in higher education: Connectivism vs. dissociation. Education and Information Technologies, 20(3), 579-588.
Robinson, L. (2017). Embracing online education: Exploring options for success. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 27(1), 99-111.
Satterstrom, S. (2019). An Exploration of Digital Nomads [Doctoral Dissertation]. National Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Global Human Resource Management.
Singh, J., Matthees, B., & Odetunde, A. (2021). Leaning online education during COVID-19 pandemic–attitudes and perceptions of non-traditional adult learners. Quality Assurance in Education, 29(4), 408-421.
Temperton, V. M., Higgs, E., Choi, Y. D., Allen, E., Lamb, D., Lee, C. S., ... & Zedler, J. B. (2014). Flexible and adaptable restoration: an example from South Korea. Restoration Ecology, 22(3), 271-278.
Tshabalala, M., Ndeya-Ndereya, C., & van der Merwe, T. (2014). Implementing Blended Learning at a Developing University: Obstacles in the Way. Electronic Journal of E-learning, 12(1), 101-110.
Tzavara, D. (2021). From Emergency Remote Teaching to Strategically Embracing Online Learning. In The Promise of Higher Education (pp. 249-254). Springer, Cham.
Valenduc, G., & Vendramin, P. (2016). Work in the digital economy: sorting the old from the new (Vol. 3). Brussels: European Trade Union Institute.
Vansina, J., Wright, H. M., Leydesdorff, S., & Tonkin, E. (2017). Oral tradition: A study in historical methodology. Routledge.
Watson, W. R., & Watson, S. L. (2014). Redesigning higher education: Embracing a new paradigm. Educational Technology, 54(3), 47-51.
Yuan, L., & Powell, S. J. (2013). MOOCs and open education: Implications for higher education. Cetis.
How to Cite
Bachanicha, R. M., Bajao, G. T., & Gastardo, R. T. (2023). Students Evaluation of the Online Learning of the University in the Midst of COVID-19 Pandemic. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(5), 261-268. Retrieved from