Addressing Poor Living and Health Challenges in Nigeria Local Communities: A Step towards Achieving the UN Sustainable Goals

  • Ifedayo G. Malachi
  • Oluwayomi B. Rotifa
  • Jesutomi A. Oyediran
  • Bankole I. Oladapo
Keywords: Capabilities, Occupational advancement, Cycle of poverty, Well-being, UN 2030 Goals, Sustainable communities


The study explores the poor living conditions of the Ijan people in Ekiti State, Nigeria, focusing on limited access to education, healthcare, and basic amenities. Examine how these challenges restrict capabilities and opportunities for occupational advancement, contributing to a cycle of poverty and compromised well-being. Investigate the role of the Capability Approach in assessing well-being and development. Using qualitative research study design, it utilizes interviews, focus group discussions, and participant observation methods to gather data. It analyses data thematically to identify key themes and patterns. Participant observation provides contextual information. The results indicate limited access to education, healthcare, and basic amenities significantly impact on the living conditions of the Ijan people, restricting capabilities and occupational opportunities. The study highlights implications for well-being and quality of life. The Capability Approach framework aids in understanding the link between capabilities, well-being, and development. The study proffer that addressing the poor living conditions requires comprehensive interventions prioritizing education, healthcare, and basic amenities. Empowering individuals and creating opportunities for occupational advancement are crucial. Aligning with relevant UN 2030 Goals, such as SDG 1, 3, 4, and 11, is essential for sustainable development. Investing in these areas and fostering inclusivity can break the cycle of poverty and improve the well-being of the Ijan community.


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How to Cite
Malachi, I. G., Rotifa, O. B., Oyediran, J. A., & Oladapo, B. I. (2023). Addressing Poor Living and Health Challenges in Nigeria Local Communities: A Step towards Achieving the UN Sustainable Goals. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(5), 249-260. Retrieved from