Use of the MMPI in Asian Countries: A Review

  • S. Siotia
  • K. J. Walk
Keywords: MMPI, Asian, Culture


The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a commonly employed psychological evaluation designed for assessing both personality traits and psychopathological tendencies. This review highlights the importance of integrating both universal and culturally distinctive attributes in assessment techniques, including that of measures similar to the MMPI. This work focuses on the translational history of the MMPI in various Asian countries. It discusses the development of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Hmong, Filipino, and Thai versions of the MMPI. Each translation required careful consideration of cultural norms and language differences. Modifications were made to assessment items to ensure cultural sensitivity and accuracy. The review of available literature indicates limited research has been conducted on the topic, indicating a concerning gap in knowledge. This review calls for global collaboration in scientific investigations to establish specific norms and conduct comparative analyses that consider cultural factors and gender disparities.


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How to Cite
Siotia, S., & Walk, K. J. (2023). Use of the MMPI in Asian Countries: A Review. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(5), 242-248. Retrieved from