Perception of Households on Effective Solid Waste Management Techniques in Uyo Metropolis

  • Godwin A. Usoh
  • Cyprian N. Tom
  • Francis N. Orji
  • Joseph A. Edet
  • Helen U. Sampson
Keywords: Respondent, Questionnaire, Households, Techniques, Metropolis


The study was carried out to investigate the perception of households on solid waste management practices for effective solid waste management techniques in Uyo metropolis of Akwa Ibom State. To evaluate the perception of households in Uyo metropolis, a multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting the appropriate sample in order to evaluate the objectives of the study. In the first stage, Uyo metropolis was divided into five sub areas based on the five major routes from the centre of the city namely Oron, Abak, Aka, Barracks and Ikot Ekpene Roads. In the second stage, forty (40) households were randomly selected as sample size from each of the five sub areas giving a total of two hundred (200) respondents for the study. The researcher-developed questionnaire was used for data collection in the study area. Data obtained were analysed using simple descriptive statistics. The results of the study showed that gender distribution of the respondents had male (56 %) as the majority, and marital status of the respondent revealed that most of the respondents (55 %) were married. Results also showed that majority (63.1 %) of the respondents said most of the wastes disposed by their household was food debris, followed by plastic waste (28.8 %) to nylon with 7.34 % while wood (0.11%) occupied least proportion. Households waste management practices and perceptions among respondents in Uyo metropolis revealed that 78.5 % of the respondents did not segregate their waste at home while 21.5% segregate their waste at home. Results also showed that all the respondents (100%) used open burning system out of which 137 respondents (68.5 %) used it always and 63 respondents (31.5%) used it sometimes. Other techniques known to them include incineration method (76 %), composting method (24 %), ploughing into the field (11.5 5), hog feeding method (5.5 %), salvaging method (8 %) and fermentation method (7 %). Results showed that effective solid waste management techniques in the study area include open burning method, incineration method and sanitary landfills. The study therefore recommended that MSW should be separated at source, waste reduction and recycling should be seeing as a habit and way of life. The waste management agency of the State should facilitate this activity by providing more bins to segregate wastes, establishing waste banks and recycling facilities at a wider scale than the scattered existing ones and environmental protection officers should be sent to households on regular basis to supervise and guide the households on how to effectively manage their solid wastes in the study area.


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How to Cite
Usoh, G. A., Tom, C. N., Orji, F. N., Edet, J. A., & Sampson, H. U. (2023). Perception of Households on Effective Solid Waste Management Techniques in Uyo Metropolis . European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(3), 441-453. Retrieved from