Effects of Media Type on Growth and Yield of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Varieties Apical Rooted Cuttings in Kenya

  • Felista M Makau
  • Mariam Mwangi
  • Maurice E Oyoo
  • Anthony M Kibe
Keywords: coco-peat, perlite, pumice, sand, vermiculite


To address soil-borne virus diseases; a soilless media has been introduced for producing healthy seed tuber based on in vitro rapid multiplication of virus-free planting material. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different media on the growth of potato variety using apical rooted cuttings. A greenhouse study was carried out where five media types; coco-peat + perlite, sand, coco-peat + pumice, coco-peat + vermiculite, and soil were tested along with three local potato varieties (Shangi, Unica and Wanjiku). The study was a 3×5 factorial arrangement laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Data collected was subjected to a general linear model (GLM) to partition the variance component using SAS software version 9.0 and means separated using Tukey’s Honestly Significant Difference Test (HSD) at P ≤ 0.05. The interaction between varieties and different media had a significant effect on the number of tubers per plant. Shangi registered the highest number of mini tubers per plant (21tubers) on coco-peat + perlite which was not significant different from that of coco-peat +pumice mixture (19 tubers). Plant height of 53cm was recorded under coco-peat + perlite mixture. Highest shoot fresh weight was recorded on Shangi (24.86g/plantlet) cultivated on coco-peat + pumice mixture, followed by Unica and Wanjiku (24.64 and 21.17g/plantlet respectively) cultivated on coco-peat + perlite mixture. Unica produced the highest yield (64.8g/plantlet) in coco-peat + pumice, followed by Wanjiku (59.8g/plantlet) and Shangi (40.8g/plantlet) in coco-peat + perlite. This study recommends that for farmers to overcome spread of pests and diseases, use of coco-peat + perlite and coco-peat+pumice as a soilless media should be promoted to enhanced seed potato growth and tuber formation.


Abouzari, A., Routhi, S., Eslami, A., & Kaviani, B. (2012). Comparison of the Effect of Different Soilless Growing Media on some Growth Characteristics of Benjamin Tree (Ficus benjamina). International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 14(6), 985-988.
Altindal, D., & Karadogan, T. (2010). The effect of carbon sources on in vitro Microtuberization of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15(1), 7-11.
Asaduzzaman, Md., Saifullah, Md., Mollick, S., Hossain, M., Gma, H., & Asao, T. (2015). Influence of Soilless Culture Substrate on Improvement of Yield and Produce Quality of Horticultural Crops. In Md. Asaduzzaman (Ed.), Soilless Culture - Use of Substrates for the Production of Quality Horticultural Crops (pp. 1-32). Intech publisher.
Asghari-Zakaria, R., Maleki-Zanjini, B., & Sedghi, E. (2009). Effect of in vitro chitosan application on growth and mini-tuber yield of Solanum tuberosum L. Plant Soil Environmental Journal, 55, 252-256.
Awati, R., Bhattacharya, A., & Char, B. (2019). Rapid Multiplication Technique for Production of High-Quality Seed Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Tubers. Journal of Applied Biology and Biotechnology, 7(01), 001-005.
Campos, H., & Ortiz, O. (2020). The Potato Crop: It’s Agricultural, Nutritional and Social Contribution to Human kind. Springer International Publishing.
Dharti, T., Bruce, D., & Bizhen H. (2021). Soilless growing mediums. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service.
Dwelle, R., & Love, S. (2000). Potato growth and development. https://www.cals.uidaho.edu/.
FAOSTAT, (2020). Statistical database. Http://www.fao.org./faostat/en/data/QC/.
Haman, D.Z., & Izuno, F.T. (2005). Soil-water relationships. University of Florida, Gainesville. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/
Hussain, A., Iqbal, K., Aziem, S., Mahato, P., & Negi, A. K. (2014). A review on the science of growing crops without soil (soilless culture)-a novel alternative for growing crops. International Journal of Agricultural Crop Science, 7(11), 833-842.
Jaeztold, R., Schmidt, H., Hornetz, B., & Shisanya, C. (2006). Farm Management Handbook of Kenya. Vol.11-Natural Conditions and Farm Management Information (2nd ed.). Central Province. Ministry of Agriculture Kenya, in Cooperation with the Germany.
Khurana, P.S.M., & Naik, P.S. (2003). The Potato: An Overview. In P.S.M. Khurana, J.S. Minas & S.K.M. Pandy (Eds.), Potato Production and Utilization in Sub-Tropics (pp. 1-14). Publication, New Delhi.
Marock, D. (2021). How do I buffer coco-peat? Buffering coco coir (1-10). Lichen group. https://www.lichengroup.co.za/buffering-coco-peat/
Mutegi, J., Muthamia, J., Kathuku-Gitonga, A., Mukami, C., Mutuma, E., Esilaba, A., & Gikonyo, E. (2021). Potato production in Kenya. A guide to good agronomic and plant nutrition practices. African Plant Nutrition Institute.
Otroshy, M., Naeem, A.H., Soleymani, A., Bazrafshan, A.H., Khodaee, S.M.M., & Struik, P.C. (2013). Efficiency of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and fungi on enhancement of growth and minituber production of tissue-cultured potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum). World Journal Medical Science, 5(2), 38-52.
Putra, P. A., & Yuliando, H. (2015). Soilless culture system to support water use efficiency and product quality: a review. Journal of Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 3, 283-288.
How to Cite
Makau, F. M., Mwangi, M., Oyoo, M. E., & Kibe, A. M. (2023). Effects of Media Type on Growth and Yield of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Varieties Apical Rooted Cuttings in Kenya. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 3(3), 233-240. Retrieved from https://ejsit-journal.com/index.php/ejsit/article/view/213