Analysis of Hazard Identification, Risk and Control in the Drilling Area of Rig Using Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Method in PT PTM, in Indonesia
Oil and gas well drilling is a high risk activity. The biggest risks are fires, explosions and wild blowouts. The impact of potential hazards and high risks must be minimized through risk management, which includes hazard identification, risk assessment, and a risk hazard control hierarchy. The occupational safety and health management system creates the right system of rules and procedures (Standard Operating Procedure) that allow all hazards and risks in the workplace to be identified and their controls implemented on an ongoing basis. Potential hazards are based on their impact on workers such as infrastructure, equipment and materials, both provided by the company and other parties, including changes that are temporary and have an impact on operations, processes and work activities. The steps for hazard identification and risk assessment include: collect all information about the types of hazards that exist in the workplace; carry out routine inspections directly to find potential hazards and potential risks in the workplace; identify hazards to occupational safety and health unsafe acts and unsafe conditions, when a person comes into contact with chemical factors (solvents, adhesives, paints, poisons), physical factors (noise, lighting, vibration, work climate), biological hazards (infectious diseases), and ergonomics factors (repetitive movements, awkward postures, heavy lifting); and control hazards and risks in Drill Pipe (DP) reduction work using Kelly Swivel (KS) with Job Safety Analysis (JSA) method. The results of this study found potential biological, physical, electrical, psychosocial, chemical, mechanical and ergonomic hazards (a total of 13 with a total risk of 15). Additional hazards were also found during field work, namely movement hazards, gravity, environmental disturbance factors and hazards. Security threats (a total of 7 with a total of 11 risks) were considered, so that potential hazards and total risks can be found (hazard = 20 and potential risks = 26).
Copyright (c) 2023 Bambang Sulistyo P, Herman Hartadi, Lulus Suci Hendrawati
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