Epidemiological Study of Maturity Diabetes in the Karsimbi Health Zone Case of the CBCA Virunga General Reference Hospital for 2020 and 2021
Introduction. Mature diabetes is one of the world’s leading killers, along with high blood pressure and smoking, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This disease is a major public health problem and despite prevention efforts, the pandemic continues. This study seeks to determine the prevalence of mature diabetes in the health zone of Karisimbi case of the CBCA Virunga Reference General Hospital.
Method. This is a retrospective study that took place in the internal medicine department of the CBCA Virunga Reference General Hospital in Goma City for 2020 and 2021. The data collected was mainly analysed with a view to collect descriptive and entered statistics using Ms Word 2013 and Excel Software. This is how we ended up with the frequency and percentage tables.
Results. The sample covered 102 diabetics for the year 2020 and 123 for the year 2021. After analysis and interpretation of the data, it emerged that the male sex is more affected by diabetes, the group of age of 45 and over is more concerned, and that the majority of diabetics are from the health zone (urban environment).
Conclusions. Imposing prevention as the first means of control, raising public awareness of the harmful effects of a sedentary lifestyle and obesity, important diabetogenic factors and respecting hygienic (dietary) measures to delay the onset of complications, thus improving the medical surveillance of diabetes, to be screened early in the event of a history of diabetes in the family or the existence of a risk factor.
Copyright (c) 2022 Jean-Pierre BALUME KITSA and Droom KATOVYA KIGHOMA
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