European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology <p>The <em>European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology</em> (ISSN 2786-4936) is an international open access and peer-reviewed journal that provides a platform for high-quality original research contributions across the entire range of natural, social, formal, and applied sciences. The journal aims to advance and rapidly disseminate new research results and ideas to a wide audience to provide greatest benefit to society.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> A.L. FOP Publisher en-US European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology 2786-4936 Investigating Youths’ Attitude to the Appropriation of Bafut Tangible Material Culture in the Teaching and Learning of the Bafut Language <p>This study investigates the attitude of Bafut youths to the appropriation of Bafut material culture motivated by observation that it seems Bafut youths are not quite familiar with Bafut material culture. The number of youths targeted was 50. The data collected for the study was through the administration of a questionnaire to the 50 youths. The study was conducted adopting the following theories: signification by Saussure (1966), the GIDS (Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale) by Fishman (1991), and the cultural-historical theory championed by Virchow (1869). Results obtained from the study revealed that Bafut youths have a positive attitude to the appropriation of Bafut material culture. In the process of language teaching/learning didactic material to teach the Bafut language should carry Bafut material culture. This will expose learners to it and encourage them to use it, thus, maintaining the language.</p> Siribilem Comfort Wanchia Titus Neba Numfor Comfort Nchang Copyright (c) 2023 Siribilem Comfort, Wanchia Titus Neba, Numfor Comfort Nchang 2023-02-27 2023-02-27 3 1 1 10 Energy Elevation of the Population as a Way to Reduce External Energy Consumption <p>Mankind consumes too much energy. All experts agree on this. A large part of this consumption is due to manipulation of the temperature in rooms and vehicles, usually through air conditioning systems. There is a way to reduce this, and it is through adaptogens. These are plant-based substances that can raise and normalize endogenous energy status. Several peoples know and have such agents. They are to be distinguished from stimulants such as caffeine, which unfortunately are in common use at present. In this way, the excessive consumption of external energy could be reduced, for the benefit of the planet.</p> Manfred Doepp Copyright (c) 2023 Doepp, Manfred MD 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 3 1 11 13 Utilization of Online Instructional Module in Biostat: A Tool for Enhancing the Performance of Biology Students in Statistics <p>This study explored the effectiveness of the use of online instructional module in enhancing students’ performance in statistics. Using one-group pretest-posttest design, the participants (N=58) were the BS Biology students enrolled in Biostatistics at the Laguna State Polytechnic University Sta. Cruz Campus during the second semester of the academic year 2020-2021. The modules were developed in accordance with the university’s primer on facilitating flexible learning. Data collected were analyzed and interpreted using the mean, standard deviation, and paired t-test. The students rated the quality of content of the online instructional module with regard to its objectives, accuracy of content, language used, and evaluation activities as highly satisfactory. The students perceived that the module was very effective and has potential as a teaching tool. The students showed satisfactory performance in the pre-test and very satisfactory performance in the post-test. The difference between the students’ pretest and posttest scores was found to be statistically significant. The study suggests that the use of online instructional module is an effective teaching tool during the pandemic. It is recommended that teachers use pretest-posttest design to assess students’ performance level in any course and that modular learning approach be widely used even at the university level.</p> Merilyn P. Juacalla Bianca Mariel DP. Juacalla Copyright (c) 2023 Merilyn P. Juacalla, Bianca Mariel DP. Juacalla 2023-03-06 2023-03-06 3 1 14 21 The Role of Global Governance in International Trade: The Case Study of Bangladesh <p>This paper examines the role of global governance in international trade, with a focus on the case study of Bangladesh. The aim of the research is to investigate the importance of trade policy in shaping the future growth of international trade, evaluate the role of global governance in international trade, and analyse data to recommend a comprehensive trade policy for the promotion of international trade in Bangladesh. The research questions explore the possible factors hindering the development of international trade in Bangladesh, the contribution of global governance in overcoming these barriers, and the effectiveness of Bangladesh’s current trade policy in promoting international trade. The study argues that global governance is essential for ensuring fair and equitable international trade, and a sustained global governance approach is necessary to prevent the fragmentation of international trade into a regional and potentially discriminatory and protectionist bloc. The research recommends a comprehensive trade policy for Bangladesh to promote international trade and sustainable economic growth.</p> Easir Arafat Mohammad Rafiqul Islam Copyright (c) 2023 Easir Arafat, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam 2023-03-08 2023-03-08 3 1 22 53 Formative Assessment and Metacognition towards Relevant Learning <p>Improving metacognition through formative assessment is viewed to be one of the best possible attacks to make learning more relevant to students. The proposed paradigm is a shift from the traditional classrooms’ value to assessment for the purpose of evaluating and providing credit to students’ performance to an effective and efficient opportunity to monitor students’ process of learning and provide feedback both to the students and teachers while learning process is still intact. Embedding assessment in the teaching and learning process through metacognitive instruction is thought to help engage the students in activities that does not only promote superficial learning but more on the understanding of and applying the concepts for life-long learning. Embedded formative assessment here are activities and techniques such as: self-assessment, parallel or peer assessment, and tutor feedback or external assessment that are likely to help develop students’ understanding, synthesis and creative thinking, application and performance, and analysis and critical thinking.</p> Rochelle L. de Vera Copyright (c) 2023 Rochelle L. de Vera 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 3 1 54 65 Journey of the Supreme Student Government Officers in Malabog National High School, Salvacion, Daraga, Albay <p>The journey of the Supreme Student Government (SSG) officers of Malabog National High School was explored in this phenomenological study. Story-telling and in-depth interview were carried out to describe and reflectively analyze their lived experiences, derive meanings and insights, and draw implications from the results of the study. I purposively selected five (5) SSG officers as my co-researchers who were at the same time under my supervision as the SSG adviser. Thematic analysis and reflections revealed six major structural themes incorporating the textual themes and symbols derived from their narratives: (1) gain knowledge and skills not explicitly taught inside the classrooms; (2) serve as an avenue for the development of life skills and soft skills; (3) building of citizenship skills and instrument to active citizenship; (4) enable development of growth mindset and grit; (5) serve as an inspiration to others; and (6) a tough job. According to my co-researchers, serving the SSG organization gave them the opportunity to serve the students especially those with academic difficulties, which I personally witnessed the commitment they gave to the projects such as tutoring and coaching. Further, the organization made an impact on the development of their life-long learning skills such as self-confidence, communication, critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. Integrating my co-researchers’ respective symbols of their lived experiences (pen, rainbow, circle, egg, and bird), a symbol of creative synthesis was developed. The symbol represents a window of opportunities provided by the SSG organization of developing leadership potentials among students’ imbued skills and values, in addition to the support of the school and the bigger community from which the students also derive valuable experiences.</p> Charles P. de Vera Copyright (c) 2023 Charles P. de Vera 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 3 1 66 74 Implications of Consumer Complaints on Social Media for Companies in West Java, Indonesia <p>The purpose of this research is to find out the background of consumers making complaints on social media and how companies handle them. Social media can quickly spread an issue and prompt netizens to respond. Social media is also an alternative medium for companies to respond quickly, in detail, and precisely to every complaint submitted by consumers.</p> <p>The research method uses a descriptive qualitative approach with informants from 10 companies and community services that use social media to communicate with consumers and 50 consumers who have filed complaints or made complaints through social media.</p> <p>According to the study's findings, Instagram and Twitter are widely used by consumers in conveying their complaints, and the time used to resolve complaints is &gt;3 days. The company responds well to every complaint and grievance submitted through social media, and the time needed to complete them is 1 to 3 days. The implications that arise for companies and public services if they do not respond properly to each complaint will have a bad impact, and their image will become negative. A fast, detailed, and precise response as well as a good communication approach between the two parties will give positive results.</p> Dedi Rianto Rahadi Hadli Sri Ermeila Asma Mario Dedi Hartawan Copyright (c) 2023 Dedi Rianto Rahadi, Hadli, Sri Ermeila, Asma Mario, Dedi Hartawan 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 3 1 75 84 Analysis of Hazard Identification, Risk and Control in the Drilling Area of Rig Using Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Method in PT PTM, in Indonesia <p>Oil and gas well drilling is a high risk activity. The biggest risks are fires, explosions and wild blowouts. The impact of potential hazards and high risks must be minimized through risk management, which includes hazard identification, risk assessment, and a risk hazard control hierarchy. The occupational safety and health management system creates the right system of rules and procedures (Standard Operating Procedure) that allow all hazards and risks in the workplace to be identified and their controls implemented on an ongoing basis. Potential hazards are based on their impact on workers such as infrastructure, equipment and materials, both provided by the company and other parties, including changes that are temporary and have an impact on operations, processes and work activities. The steps for hazard identification and risk assessment include: collect all information about the types of hazards that exist in the workplace; carry out routine inspections directly to find potential hazards and potential risks in the workplace; identify hazards to occupational safety and health unsafe acts and unsafe conditions, when a person comes into contact with chemical factors (solvents, adhesives, paints, poisons), physical factors (noise, lighting, vibration, work climate), biological hazards (infectious diseases), and ergonomics factors (repetitive movements, awkward postures, heavy lifting); and control hazards and risks in Drill Pipe (DP) reduction work using Kelly Swivel (KS) with Job Safety Analysis (JSA) method. The results of this study found potential biological, physical, electrical, psychosocial, chemical, mechanical and ergonomic hazards (a total of 13 with a total risk of 15). Additional hazards were also found during field work, namely movement hazards, gravity, environmental disturbance factors and hazards. Security threats (a total of 7 with a total of 11 risks) were considered, so that potential hazards and total risks can be found (hazard = 20 and potential risks = 26).</p> Bambang Sulistyo P Herman Hartadi Lulus Suci Hendrawati Copyright (c) 2023 Bambang Sulistyo P, Herman Hartadi, Lulus Suci Hendrawati 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 3 1 85 94 Simulator Study to Determine the Wind Speed Limitation in the Suez Canal for an Ultra Large Container Vessel <p>Ship sizes are getting bigger, but the canal is the same size. Economies of scale need balancing. The “<em>Ever Given</em>” was a 22,000 + TEU Suezmax. But the bigger capacity of 24,000 + TEU <em>Ever Ace</em> is also a Suezmax. Where is the limitation, one would ask, and where does it stop? The maximum ship length for the canal is 400 meters. Therefore, the increased container capacity is by way of additional breadth, height, and depth. But the broader, higher windage, and deeper she is, the handling becomes more challenging to the pilots &amp; ship handlers and more accident prone. Therefore, the weather limitations and cutoff points must be more stringent for this maximum size of ships than for smaller ships.</p> <p>In this context, it is noteworthy to mention that in 1977 the 3,043 TEU being the world’s largest container vessel <em>Tokyo Bay </em>lost control and ran aground during the transit near the 156 km mark in the canal due to steering difficulties in strong winds. After this incident, the ship owner made recommendations to not transit the canal when wind speeds exceed 20-25 knots.</p> H. Perera S.M. Disanayaka P. Sedrick R. Widyalankara N. Dantanarayana C. Karunasena Copyright (c) 2023 H. Perera, S.M. Disanayaka, P. Sedrick, R. Widyalankara, N. Dantanarayana, C. Karunasena 2023-03-16 2023-03-16 3 1 95 103 School Environment and Parental Socio-Economic Status as Contributing Factors Endangering Occupational Choice of Secondary School Learners in Enugu State, Nigeria (Psychological Implications) <p>School environment and parental socio-economic status are important educational requirements for bringing up a well-developed learner. However, over the years they have been swept under the carpet instead of giving it the required attention needed. At the forefront of this burning issue is the harsh reality of surviving in the society through one’s chosen occupation hence this study sought to investigate school environment and parental socio-economic status as contributors endangering occupational choice of secondary school students in Enugu State. Two null hypotheses guided the study. The study was conducted in Enugu State using correlational research design with a sample of 300 respondents, composed using purposive sampling method. Researcher structured questionnaire face validated by three experts from Educational Psychology and Measurement and Evaluation in Enugu State University of Science and Technology was used to elicit the desired response. Reliability co-efficient was 0.81 determined using Cronbach Alpha. Method of data analysis was Person Product Moment Correlation. The result amongst others revealed that school environment and parental socio-economic status are strong contributors endangering occupational choice of secondary school learners in Enugu State. Based on the findings, it was recommended that parents and schools should live up to their expectation in the life of a secondary school learner in order to help him/her make the right occupational choice.</p> Animba Ijeoma Evelyn Ndubisi Chukwu Peter Patience Nwobodo Copyright (c) 2023 Animba Ijeoma Evelyn, Ndubisi Chukwu Peter, Patience Nwobodo 2023-03-19 2023-03-19 3 1 104 111