Palliative Effects of Vitamins C and E on Blood Parameters of Growing Rabbits Fed Crude Oil-Contaminated Diets

  • Ntinya C. Johnson
  • Victor M. Ogbamgba
  • James T. Mbachiantim
Keywords: Crude oil, Blood parameters, Vitamins C and E, Palliative effects, Rabbits

Abstract

The palliative effects of vitamins C and E in rabbits that ingested crude oil were investigated on the animals’ blood parameters. 24 males New Zealand White rabbits weighing between 770-835 grams were acquired for the study from one source in one batch and randomly allocated to three dietary treatments of 8 rabbits per treatment. The animals had similar diet and management conditions for 2 weeks to properly pre-condition them for the study after which they were presented with their experimental diets as: T0 (was the negative control group; no crude oil and experimental vitamins C and E), T1 received crude oil at 1.5g or 0.15% /kg of diet while the T2 group also received dietary crude as in T1 but in addition received 200mg (100mg of vitamin C + 100mg of vitamin E)/kg of diet, respectively for 2 weeks. The hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations of the T0 animals were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of T1 and T2 animals. However, those of T2 animals were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of T1 animals. This trend was mirrored in the packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell (RBC) counts and white blood cell (WBC) counts, respectively. It was concluded that ingestion of crude oil induced anemia and leukemia in rabbits. However, the intake of vitamins C and E had some palliative attributes in reducing the degrees of anemia and leukemia induced by crude oil ingestion in the rabbit.

How to Cite
Johnson, N. C., Ogbamgba, V. M., & Mbachiantim, J. T. (2022). Palliative Effects of Vitamins C and E on Blood Parameters of Growing Rabbits Fed Crude Oil-Contaminated Diets. European Journal of Science, Innovation and Technology, 2(1), 22-26. Retrieved from http://ejsit-journal.com/index.php/ejsit/article/view/61
Section
Research Articles